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Old Saigon Echo website
from 2008 - 2012
Director: Bai An Tran, Ph.D.


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Col. Bud Day, Heroic Pilot in Vietnam War, Dies at 88

Col. Bud Day, an Air Force fighter pilot who was shot down in the Vietnam War, imprisoned with John McCain in the notorious “Hanoi Hilton” and defiantly endured more than five years of brutality without divulging sensitive information to his captors, earning him the Medal of Honor, died on Saturday in Shalimar, Fla. He was 88.

South Vietnam Durable Diem

At 7 a.m, in the second-floor study of Saigon's yellow stucco Freedom Palace, South Viet Nam's President Ngo Dinh Diem was absorbed in a biography of George Washington

Flight of the Rebels

On the early morning of Feb. 27, 1962, two VNAF Skyraiders took off from Bien Hoa airbase for a close air support in the 4th tactical corps, but instead of flying straight to the target area, both aircraft made a sharp right turn to Saigon vicinity and bombed the Presidential Independence Palace.

From Ellsberg to Assange: The Pentagon Papers to WikiLeaks

There is no shortage of books and articles chronicling the sometimes abysmal main stream media coverage of the Viet Nam War.

Trip to Vietnam Revives Hatred of Communism

2/15/2011 - It was difficult to control my emotions -- specifically, my anger -- during my visit to Vietnam last week.

Unicorns and Dragons, Myopic Views of Viet Nam

“One judgmental conclusion then is that America did not at the time and does not today understand the essence of the Viet NamWar.  In this ignorance lie both past tragedy and future danger.” (1)

Ann Margret & Her Gracious Act

This is a good counter-balance story to the Jane  Fonda, Vietnam Woman Of The Year story.

1971: Kennedy's Vietnam Intervention

Former Sen. Wayne Morse of Oregon said Saturday that a still secret study of American Vietnam policy was causing President Kennedy “to fear the Pentagon, State Department, and CIA would suck him into a Bay of Pigs in Vietnam.

The Vietnam War

- Not a war between the USA and Vietnam, as pretended by the actual Communist Vietnamese Government in Hanoi, and in some Western books.

- It’s the war of subversion  in South Vietnam between the  Communist insurgents infiltrating from North Vietnam,  supported by the Communist Bloc (Russia, China ...), and the South Vietnamese people supported by the USA and the Western world.

The Fall of Saigon


President Lyndon Johnson announced a partial halt to the bombing of North Vietnam

In the wake of the Tet offensive, on March 31, 1968, President Lyndon Johnson announced a partial halt to the bombing of North Vietnam, initiated peace talks with Hanoi, and declared he would not run for a second term. In that election year, Richard Nixon called for “peace with honor” and defeated Vice President Hubert Humphrey, who could not attack Johnson for waging what had become a hugely unpopular war.

The Final Day of My Husband's Life

My husband was stationed in the Delta in Can Tho in the spring of 1975 where he was vice commander for Military Region IV (MR IV) under General Nguyen Khoa Nam.

In commemoration of the 30th of April Day - Vietnam, a meaningful experience

1954: the Dien Bien Phu battle was the ominous harbinger of a further final victory of the Communists over the whole country. Winning this battle, they won the ten-year lingering war during which they had to fight in hardest conditions. It was the first step to consequent obvious victories, not only in Vietnam but also in the neighboring countries of Cambodia and Laos.

Agreement on the Independence of Vietnam

1. The French Government recognises the Republic of Vietnam as a free state, having its Government. its Parliament, its army, and its finances, and forming part of the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.

Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

All men are created equal; they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable Rights; among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.

Abdication of Bao Dai, Emperor of Annam

The happiness of the people of Vietnam!

The Independence of Vietnam!

To achieve these ends, we have declared ourself ready for any sacrifice and we desire that our sacrifice be useful to the people.

The Fall of Saigon 1975: An Eyewitness Report

Saigon, April 1975. At dawn I was awake, lying under my mattress on the floor tiles, peering at my bed propped against the French windows. The bed was meant to shield me from flying glass; but if the hotel was attacked with rockets, the bed would surely fall on me. Killed by a falling bed: that somehow made sense in this, the last act of the longest-running black farce: a war that was always unnecessary and often atrocious and had ended the lives of three million people, leaving their once bountiful land petrified.

Intelligence and Vietnam: The Top Secret 1969 State Department Study

National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 121 Retrospective Preface by Thomas L. Hughes (Former Director, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, U.S. Department of State)Contextual Introduction by John Prados (Senior Fellow, National Security Archive)Edited by Thomas S. Blanton (Director, National Security Archive)Embargoed for release, Sunday, May 2, 2004

Binh Duong Battlefronts

(General Hieu, as III Corps Deputy Commander/Operations, was undoubtedly the main player behind-thescenes
in this Iron Triangle Campaign. In this campaign, both sides threw in all their strength to wrestle
against each other at corps level with complete infantry, armor, artillery, air force, and anti-aircraft artillery:
III Corps on ARVN’s side and 301st Corps on NVA‘s side. Colonel Le Gro, the author of this book excerpt, was
the senior intelligence officer G2/DAO. – Tin Nguyen, 11/22/2005)

New Documentary Reveals Secret U.S., Chinese Diplomacy Behind Nixon's Trip (Dec.21, 2004)

Winner of the 2005 Emmy Award for Outstanding Achievement in News & Documentary Research New Documentary Reveals Secret U.S., Chinese Diplomacy Behind Nixon's TripNational Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 145Edited by William BurrDecember 21, 2004Chinese marshal received Top Secret intelligence briefing from Kissinger in 1972, member of four marshals who told Mao "play the American card" in 1969"History Declassified: Nixon in China" premieres December 21, 2004, 10 p.m. EST, on Discovery Times Channel (digital cable by Discovery and the New York Times)

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